- 92 percent of the population lives on less than US$2 a day.
- Some four million people – 28 percent of the rural households – suffer from lack of food access.
- Erratic rain, periodic drought and locust infestation compromise food production in southern Madagascar. Climate change is likely to exacerbate these natural hazards.
- Communities in the south are expected to face a longer lean season this year due to drought – it could start as early as July (instead of the usual October – March period).
- With stunting (low height for age) affecting 47 percent of children under five (two million children countrywide), Madagascar ranks fourth in the “Global Chronic Malnutrition” table.
- One third of women aged 15-49 and half of children under five suffer from iron deficiency which causes anaemia.
- Of every 1,000 live births, 62 result in children dying before they reach five years of age. Mortality rates are highest in rural areas.
- Nearly 500 women per every 100,000 live births die of pregnancy-related issues. High levels of anaemia contribute to the high mortality.
- More than 26,000 cases of tuberculosis are detected each year. People living with tuberculosis are at a major risk of malnutrition which contributes significantly to increased mortality and morbidity.
- Total life expectancy is 65.2 years. In women, life expectancy is 66.67 years and in men 63.77 years.